The hip is a ball and socket joint made of the head of the thigh bone (femur), and the pelvis. The hip joint is the largest weight-bearing joint in the body and is prone to various types of injuries.
- Trauma, fracture and dislocation – Auto accidents and falls can break a hipbone or dislocate the head of the thighbone. People over the age of 65 commonly experience a broken hip. It affects both men and women, and is especially common in women with osteoporosis due to weakened bones. Even minor falls can be cause for hip fractures.
- Congenital and developmental conditions – Misaligned bones can rub together and damage the joint, cause joint pain, and decrease mobility. If not repaired, it can lead to hip arthritis. It affects all age groups.
- Hip Bursitis – Swelling and inflammation of the bursa that lubricates the joint, reduces friction, and provides cushioning during movement. Walking can aggravate the condition.
- Labral tears – The labrum is a ring of cartilage that lines the hip socket. It functions as a shock absorber, and distributes pressure evenly. Tears can be partial or total. Tears are often caused by repetitive use of the hip or trauma. In aging, the hip joint suffers wear and tear that can cause labral tears.
- Arthritis – Inflammatory arthritis causes hip cartilage to wear away at the end of bone surfaces. When the hipbones meet bone on bone, without cushioning, it is very painful and causes degenerative changes.
Many factors can cause hip pain or hip problems that would lead someone to seek medical treatment from an orthopedist. The diagnosis and management of hip injuries has evolved substantially with the advancement in diagnostic tools such as magnetic resonance imaging and with new minimally invasive techniques and in hip arthroscopy. Dr. Walter Thomas is a phenomenal board-certified surgeon treating hip conditions in Thousand Oaks, CA. If you are suffering from hip pain, contact our orthopedic practice today and schedule a consultation.